There is a lot of talk about a private 5G network, that is, 5G networks deployed and owned by individual companies. Private 5G networks are a market opportunity that neither manufacturers nor operators themselves want to miss out on when they see other players hiding. Part of the appeal of these networks will come from the internet of things (IoT). By the end of 2030, over 150 million cellular devices connected to local private networks are expected, up from 5 million at the end of 2022. Today, most of these devices are LTE, but the balance will shift towards 5G over the forecast period.
A look back at what 5G is
IMT-2020 5G, as its formal name suggests, is the fifth generation of mobile telecommunication standards, geared for business and easily adaptable to change.
This mobile communication technology is distinguished by a data capacity of around 20 gigabits per second, throughput up to four times faster than 4G LTE, sub-millisecond latency, and the ability to link a huge number of items.
Furthermore, 5G has been used to decrease network saturation and to enable high-speed tracking of objects. Something 4G is incapable of. Rather than focusing just on radio technology, 5G provides industry-specific service interfaces.
In general, companies can now create their own private 5G network thanks to 4 factors:
- Internet of things;
- Access to spectrum and frequencies;
- Open-source software;
- The evolution of cloud technologies.
Creating a private 5G network: very stringent requirements
Building a 5G private network necessitates satisfying more strict standards in terms of availability, reliability, compatibility, and quality of service than commercial network topologies (QoS). This suggests a preference for directional beam design, where static beam shaping improves performance, as well as optimization and smart positioning.
- There is a need to move from cell architecture to directed beam architecture, in which static and dynamic beamforming play a central role in performance, optimization, and intelligent localization.
- Implementation of a service-based core network architecture (SBA).
- Software-defined networking (SDN) will support network slicing and automatic provisioning of services for 5G use cases: enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), massive machine-to-machine communication (mMTC), and ultra-reliable low-latency communication, URLLC).
New opportunities for companies
The usage of 5G technology is creating new chances and benefits for all sorts of enterprises, such as greater security for communications privacy and flexibility in working patterns. Similarly, private networks leverage the three properties of mobile technologies: low latency, network speed, and capacity, to aid in the development of new services tailored to enterprises.
Due to rapidly shifting circumstances that lead to an increase in remote labor in order to provide an early reaction in rushes as vital as during the coronavirus crisis, these roles are becoming increasingly important in industrial ecosystems. These circumstances have created new requirements for businesses, such as secure and efficient networks and strong infrastructures that allow their employees to access and manage critical information from any sort of mobile device or support productive or medical activities.
Although independent, these local networks created on mobile technology offer all of its benefits, becoming the engine of company digitization. Their primary uses span from smart city environments to retail, logistics, healthcare, and industrial 4.0 robots. And even the development, production, and dissemination of content owing to the mobile network’s ability to establish integrated communications.
From industry to logistics
Manufacturers and operators are already aware of the importance of this link and its full potential in the near future.
As a result, we’ve shifted from betting on it to spearheading the development of similar networks in the industrial sector in order to broaden the ecosystem of inexpensive solutions. This enables us to establish a reference model in the industrial marketplace by transforming traditional services into a distinctive and efficient strategy for developing creative solutions.
Department shops, for example, have noticed a considerable reduction in processing time and categorization by roughly 20% when employing this technology. In complicated surroundings like these logistics facilities, with hundreds of high-rise shelves stocked with a variety of items, these machines always construct the shortest pathways.
This research presents another solution of considerable interest in Industry 4.0: the removal of physical wire in machine communications leads to significant cost and time savings for new infrastructure and logistics center installations. This means increased adaptability and response to rapid changes in equipment necessitated by business requirements.
Connecting to the Internet of Things
The unstoppable growth that is expected for these private networks is closely related to the development of new technologies such as big data, cloud computing, or artificial intelligence (AI), but especially the Internet of Things (IoT).
In particular, smart cities can be based on the Internet of things. Smart cities represent a utopian vision of the future with 5G. Intelligent transportation systems will use low-latency V2X (Vehicle Communication with Everything) technology to efficiently transport passengers between different sites also connected, be it shopping malls or entertainment or workplaces. This idealized city is likely to use a combination of independent small cell networks, private networks operated by commercial 5G network providers, and public 5G networks.
5G Private Network Security
While private networks are often associated with enhanced security, this is not necessarily the case. IoT deployment can expand the attack surface for would-be hackers. The use of solutions from different vendors can also create vulnerabilities related to the interpretation and interoperability of standards. The activities and assets of 5G private network companies and the performance of private networks are closely related. This makes security services valuable. And you need to carefully select a service provider for building a private 5G network, for example, you can contact UCtel, where you are guaranteed to receive high-quality services.
In summary, such private networks are well known to be attractive targets for denial-of-service attacks, ransomware, or industrial espionage. Providers like UCtel are aware of this and are making cybersecurity an integral part of their 5G private network deployment services to avoid losses that exceed the network investment they make or the performance gain that 5G brings. Segmentation, access control, and network-wide visibility are key to securing these private mobile networks.